Often the two similar terms are confused. In ancient times, the demarcation of these was not as strict as today. In this blog post, the difference between science and interpretation of the stars becomes clear.
Astronomy is an empirical science of celestial bodies. The movements, positions and properties of stars, star clusters, planets, suns, galaxies and other systems are investigated and analyzed. The goal of this science is to understand the universe, including its formation and structure.
Special milestones in astronomy were the invention of the telescope in the 17th century and the use of spectroscopy and photography in the 19th century. Since the 1960s, unmanned and manned space travel has allowed more detailed exploration of space.
Today astronomy is subdivided into different subject areas depending on the objects to be examined:
- Observing Astronomy examines the celestial bodies based on the radiations and particles that reach the earth
- Astrophysics deals with the physical basis of celestial bodies
- Astrometry measures and calculates the positions and movements of the stars in detailed reference systems
- Celestial Mechanics relates the movement of celestial bodies to physical theories and mathematical modeling
Astrology derives influences on terrestrial events from the positions and movements of the celestial bodies. Already in the centuries before Christ, this art was practiced in various cultures: Transmissions tell of Babylonia, Egypt, Mesopotamia, China and India. Astronomy emerged from astrology, and for a long time the astrology remained faithful to its side as an auxiliary science.
During the epoch of Enlightenment, astrology lost credibility, but later it became more important to mankind in the wake of esoteric times. For example, the horoscopes of the Signs of the Zodiac are still an important part of astrology today.